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Examine gives added proof on optimistic public well being impression of banning menthol cigarettes

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A brand new research concludes that the 2020 European ban on menthol cigarettes made it extra doubtless that menthol people who smoke would give up smoking, supporting earlier Canadian analysis on the optimistic public well being impression of banning menthol cigarettes.

Christina Kyriakos from Imperial Faculty London led the research in collaboration with researchers from Maastricht College and the Trimbos Institute within the Netherlands and the Worldwide Tobacco Coverage Analysis Challenge (ITC Challenge) on the College of Waterloo in Canada.

This Dutch research is our second main nationwide research to supply proof of the highly effective impression of banning menthol cigarettes on quitting, which helps proposed menthol bans within the US and different nations.”

Geoffrey T. Fong, Professor of Psychology and Public Well being Sciences at Waterloo, and Principal Investigator of the ITC Challenge

The analysis staff surveyed a nationwide pattern of grownup people who smoke of menthol and non-menthol cigarettes within the Netherlands earlier than and after the EU menthol ban. Of the menthol people who smoke surveyed earlier than and after the ban, 26.1 per cent had give up smoking. This give up fee was larger than the management group of non-menthol people who smoke, of whom solely 14.1 per cent had give up.

The truth is, the elevated give up fee of 12 per cent of menthol people who smoke after the European ban is bigger than the elevated give up fee of seven.3 per cent present in an ITC research of the menthol ban that was in impact throughout Canada in 2018.

For many years, tobacco firms have added menthol to cigarettes as a result of it creates a cooling sensation that reduces the harshness of smoke. It makes it simpler to begin smoking, inflicting non-smoking youth to be extra more likely to progress to common smoking and grow to be hooked on nicotine.

For greater than a decade, the World Well being Group and plenty of different public well being authorities have referred to as on governments to ban menthol in cigarettes to cut back smoking, which kills 7.1 million people who smoke and 1.2 million non-smokers from second-hand smoke per yr worldwide. The worldwide tobacco management treaty, the WHO Framework Conference on Tobacco Management, calls upon nations to ban or prohibit menthol and different components that make smoking simpler.

Up to now, 35 nations have banned menthol cigarettes. On April 28, 2022, the US Meals and Drug Administration introduced a proposed rule to ban menthol in cigarettes and cigars. An ITC research revealed that day on the impression of the Canadian ban projected {that a} ban on menthol cigarettes within the US would lead greater than 1.3 million people who smoke to give up.

The Dutch research additionally discovered that one-third of menthol people who smoke reported persevering with to smoke menthol cigarettes even after the ban. The tobacco business markets a variety of equipment to allow folks so as to add menthol flavoring to tobacco merchandise themselves.

“These tobacco business actions undermine the effectiveness of the menthol ban. By tightening the rules to incorporate these menthol add-ons, the impression of the menthol ban on quitting could possibly be even better,” mentioned Marc Willemsen, co-author of the Dutch research and professor in tobacco management analysis at Maastricht College and scientific director of tobacco management on the Trimbos Institute.

The research, Affect of the European Union’s menthol cigarette ban on smoking cessation outcomes: Longitudinal findings from the 2020–2021 ITC Netherlands Surveys, seems within the journal Tobacco Management.

Supply:

Journal reference:

Kyriakos, CN, et al. (2022) Affect of the European Union’s menthol cigarette ban on smoking cessation outcomes: Longitudinal findings from the 2020-2021 ITC Netherlands Surveys. TobaccoControl. doi.org/10.1136/tc-2022-057428.

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